Monday Mycotoxin & Crop Report for March 25, 2024

March 25, 2024

Welcome to the Neogen® Monday Mycotoxin 2023 Capstone Report, our analysis of mycotoxin occurrence, relevant weather, crop conditions, and crop progress during the 2023 growing and harvest season.

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Welcome to the Neogen® Monday Mycotoxin 2023 Capstone Report, our analysis of mycotoxin occurrence, relevant weather, crop conditions, and crop progress during the 2023 growing and harvest season.

April Highlights

The USDA’s bulletins reported that April began with higher-than-average precipitation in many regions, with several large systems bringing thundershowers and late winter snows. These systems kept cooler than average temperatures over the Northern states from coast to coast, delaying spring planting. By April 24, producers had planted seven percent of the nation’s corn, eight points behind the five-year average. 11 percent of winter wheat was headed, eight points behind the five-year average.

May Highlights

May saw more widespread precipitation across the eastern half of the country, a benefit to developing summer crops. Warmer-than-average temperatures encouraged field work and planting in Northern states. Small grain developed was lower than average with planting far behind normal. By May 29, 85 percent of the nation’s barley was planted, eight points behind the five-year average. 73 percent of the spring wheat crop was seeded, 19 points behind the five-year average. By May 29, producers had planted 86 percent of the nation’s corn crop, one point behind the five-year average. 72 percent of the nation’s winter wheat was headed, two percentage points behind the five-year average.

June Highlights

After months of wet weather, June saw negligible precipitation in the southern half of the country, and in the Southwest states to Texas, drought began to take hold that would remain throughout the growing season. On June 26, 53 percent of the barley acreage was rated in good to excellent condition, 22 points above the same time last year. 59 percent of the nation’s spring wheat was rated in good to excellent condition, 39 percentage points above the same time last year. Four percent of corn was silking by June 26, on par with the five-year average. 41 percent of winter wheat was harvested, five points above the five-year average.

July Highlights

In July, hot, dry weather dominated much of the U.S., with a notable exception of a storm system that brought needed rain to the Northern Plains, upper Midwest, and soaked the Southeast. Drought conditions worsened across the Southwest and into central Texas. Rainfall in the central Midwest helped build soil moisture reserves. By July 31, 26 percent of the corn acreage was at or beyond the dough stage, five points behind the five-year average. 82 percent of winter wheat was harvested, three points behind of the five-year average.

August Highlights

Spotty precipitation dotted much of the U.S., east of the Mississippi River, while in later weeks, a large storm system brought flooding to eastern Texas and the Gulf states. Higher than average temperatures lingered over the Northwest states for several weeks. Drought conditions persisted from the West Coast to the Southern Plains and began to take hold in Northern Plains states. By August 28, 46 percent of this year’s corn acreage was denting, six points behind the five-year average. The nation’s oat crop harvest was near completion, while other small grain harvests were behind average.

September Highlights

September brought continued warmth that boosted Midwestern crop maturity. Rainfall benefited the Northwest and parts of the Southwest, heavy rains fell on the East, and periodic heavy showers fell on the eastern and northwestern Corn Belt. At the end of the month, Category 4 Hurricane Ian made landfall in southwest Florida and a day later, South Carolina. By September 25, 58 percent of corn was mature, three points behind the five-year average. 12 percent of corn was harvested, two points ahead of the five-year average.

October Highlights

In October, dry weather nation-wide helped maturing corn crops. Areas east of the Rockies experienced below-normal temperatures, while most of the West experienced warmer than normal temperatures. Later in the month, warmer weather in the Plains and Midwest helped the harvest to progress. By October, elevated drought coverage had persisted for over a year’s time. By October 30, 76 percent of corn had been harvested, 12 points ahead of the five-year average. Harvest progress advanced at least 13 percentage points during the week in 12 of the 18 estimating states.

 

Mycotoxin Reports

We received reports of DON (deoxynivalenol) in wheat in the following states:

  • KS and MI: less than 1 ppm
  • NE: 1–3 ppm
  • DE, MD, and VA: 3–5 ppm
  • MA: 3–5 ppm

Aflatoxin in new crop corn was reported in the following states:

  • AL, AR, GA, and MS: 20–50 ppb
  • KS: greater than 300 ppb

We had reports of DON (deoxynivalenol) in new crop corn in Alabama, Kansas, New York, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio.

  • AL, KS, and NY: 1–3 ppm
  • IL: 3–5 ppm
  • IN and OH: 5–10 ppm

We had reports of Fumonisin in new crop corn in the following states:

  • IN and OH: 1–3 ppm
  • AL, IL, KS, and NE: 5–10 ppm

We received reports of Zearalenone in new crop corn in the following states:

  • IN, MN, ND and WI: 300–500 ppb
  • IL, NY, and OH: greater than 500 ppb

We had reports of T2-HT2 in new crop corn in the following states:

  • IN: 50–100 ppb
  • MN, ND and NY: 100–250 ppb
  • IL, OH, and WI: greater than 250 ppb

We had reports of Ochratoxin in barley in Missouri:

  • MO: 5–10 ppb

 

Closing

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Thank you for watching, and a special thanks to the customers and industry partners whose contributions make our reports possible. Please contact our Milling and Grain industry specialists with any questions about grain quality and how Neogen can help.

 

Disclaimer

Neogen takes great care to ensure the integrity of the data report. We collect test results from many sources across the country, including various grain producers and processors, and grain inspectors.

These results can vary widely. Therefore, the values should NOT be considered averages or "typical" of the grain harvested. The risk levels of mycotoxins we report are intended to assist our industry partners with developing a risk assessment program that best fits their business.

Detecting problems before commingling or processing can help avoid serious quality issues and significant financial losses.

 

Video Transcript

[Music]

TITLE CARD: 2023 Capstone Report

Narrator: Welcome to Neogen's Monday Mycotoxin 2023 Capstone Report, our analysis of Mycotoxin occurrence, relevant weather, crop conditions, and crop progress, during the 2023 growing and harvest season.

[A map from NOAA showing the rainfall regions of the U.S. titled "Total Precipitation (inches) April 16–22, 2023"]

Narrator: The USDA's bulletins reported that April began with winter-like storms traversing the nation from coast to coast in the northern sections with large spring rains hitting the southern regions.

[A map from NOAA showing the temperature regions of the U.S. titled "Departure of Average Temp from Normal (°F) April 16–22, 2023"]

Narrator: Precipitation cleared by the end of the month allowing spring fieldwork. By April 30th producers had planted 26% of the nation's corn, on par with the 5-year average. 25% of winter wheat was headed, eight points ahead of the 5-year average.

[A map from NOAA showing the rainfall regions of the U.S. titled "Total Precipitation (inches) May 7–13, 2023"]

Narrator: Favorable conditions persisted in early May, but by mid-month large portions of the nation's midsection and Southern regions experienced near daily showers. Spring field work continued and, by May 28th, 92% of the nation's corn crop was planted, eight points ahead of the 5-year average. 72% of the nation's winter wheat was headed, one point ahead of the 5-year average.

[A map from NOAA showing the rainfall regions of the U.S. titled "Total Precipitation (inches) June 4–10, 2023"]

Narrator: Consistent spring rains brought needed moisture to drought stricken regions across the country and continued precipitation throughout the month of June saw improvements in the driest regions of the nation's midsection.

[A map from NOAA showing the drought regions of the U.S. titled "U.S. Drought Monitor June 13, 2023"]

Narrator: On June 25th, 46% of barley acreage was rated in good to excellent condition, 14 points above the same time last year. 50% of the nation's spring wheat was rated in good to excellent condition, 9 percentage points above the same time last year. 4% of corn was silking by June 25th, on par with the 5-year average. 24% of winter wheat was harvested, 15 points behind the 5-year average.

[A map from NOAA showing the temperature regions of the U.S. titled "Departure of Average Temp from Normal (°F) July 16–22, 2023"]

Narrator: In July hot and dry conditions took hold throughout the West and large portions of Texas. Large storm systems swept across the Plains, Midwest, Midsouth, and Southeast with some regions receiving double their monthly average precipitation totals. By July 30th, 29% of corn acreage was at or beyond the dough stage, 5 points ahead of the 5-year average. 80% of winter wheat was harvested, 3 points behind the 5-year average.

[A map from NOAA showing the temperature regions of the U.S. titled "Departure of Average Temp from Normal (°F) August 13–19, 2023"]

Narrator: Record setting heat continued in many parts of the country including the West, Plains, and parts of Texas, while portions of the Midwest and Northern Plains saw unusually mild temperatures.

[A map from NOAA showing the rainfall regions of the U.S. titled "Total Precipitation (inches) Aug 20–26, 2023"]

Narrator: Although drought-easing rains occurred in many parts of the Mississippi Valley, spotty regions of drought persisted in the Plains. Tropical Storm Hillary brought a deluge of precipitation to the West Coast and Southwest resulting in flooding in many areas. By August 27th, 51% of the nation's corn acreage was denting, 7 points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally 56% of corn was rated in good to excellent condition.

[A map from NOAA showing the rainfall regions of the U.S. titled "Total Precipitation (inches) Aug 27–Sept 2, 2023"]

Narrator: On August 30th, Hurricane Idalia made landfall in Northern Florida and continued overland, bringing heavy rains and winds to Georgia and the southern Atlantic region.

[A map from NOAA showing the temperature regions of the U.S. titled "Departure of Average Temp from Normal (°F) Sept 3–9, 2023"]

Narrator: Apart from tropical activity, on the West Coast and Gulf Coast regions many parts of the country continue to experience hot and dry conditions as high pressure systems dominated. By September 24th, 70% of corn was mature, 15 points ahead of the 5-year average. 15% of corn was harvested, 4 points ahead of the 5-year average.

[A map from NOAA showing the temperature regions of the U.S. titled "Departure of Average Temp from Normal (°F) Oct 1–7, 2023"]

Narrator: In October, dry conditions persisted aiding late season planting and harvesting operations. Warmer than average temperatures in the Plains, Midwest, and North Atlantic, also benefited maturing crops and harvesting activity.

[A map from NOAA showing the rainfall regions of the U.S. titled "Total Precipitation (inches) Oct 22–28, 2023"]

Narrator: By the end of the month, more tropical fueled systems pushed into Texas up to the Midwest, adding moisture to newly-planted winter wheat crops. By October 29th, 71% of corn had been harvested, 3 points behind the 5-year average. Harvest progress advanced at least 11 percentage points during the week in 10 of the 18 estimating states. Now let's look at this year's Mycotoxin Reports submitted to Neogen. As always actual occurrence of mycotoxin varies widely.

[A map of the U.S. showing the states of the U.S. titled "DON in Wheat" with the states of Nebraska and Oklahoma highlighted as 1–3 ppm.]

Narrator: We had reports of DON in wheat in the following states.

[A map of the U.S. showing the states of the U.S. titled "DON in Corn" with the states of Alabama, Kansas, Nebraska, and Tennessee highlighted as 1–3 ppm; the state of Michigan highlighted as 3–5 ppm; the states of Indiana and Ohio highlighted as 5–10 ppm.]

Narrator: We had reports of DON and corn in the following states.

[A map of the U.S. showing the states of the U.S. titled "Fumonison in Corn" with the states of Alabama, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, and Tennessee highlighted as 5–10 ppm.]

Narrator: We had reports of fumonison in corn in the following states.

[A map of the U.S. showing the states of the U.S. titled "Zearalenone in New Crop Corn" with the states of Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio highlighted as 500–1000 ppb.]

Narrator: We had reports of zearalenone in corn in the following states.

[A map of the U.S. showing the states of the U.S. titled "Aflatoxin in Corn" with the state of Kansas highlighted as 15–20 ppb; the state of Alabama highlighted as 20–50 ppb.]

Narrator: We had reports of aflatoxin in corn in the following states.

TITLE CARD: Thank you!

TITLE CARD: Contact Us 517.372.9200 - marketing.fs@neogen.com

Narrator: Thank you for watching and a special thank you to customers and industry partners whose contributions make our reports possible. Please contact our milling and grain industry specialist with any questions you have about grain quality and how Neogen can help.

TITLE CARD: Neogen takes great care to ensure the integrity of the data report. We collect test results from many sources across the country, including various grain producers and processors, and grain inspectors.
These results can vary widely. Therefore, the values should NOT be considered averages or "typical" of the grain harvested. The risk levels of mycotoxins we report are intended to assist our industry partners with developing a risk assessment program that best fits their business.
Detecting problems before commingling or processing can help avoid serious quality issues and significant financial losses.

[Music]

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Category: Science Insights, Milling & Grain, Mycotoxins

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