How to Improve Livestock Drinking Water

December 21, 2018

Bacteria and viruses in water can negatively impact livestock. Dirty, unclean and neglected waterlines can lead to the growth of unwanted bacteria and viruses that may impact animal health and performance. How do we prevent this from happening?

In today's Take 5 Lesson, Neogen’s very own Jesse McCoy, a water expert, and with Dr. Sarah, will go into detail on how you can create better quality water for livestock.

Video Transcript

TITLE: Neogen Water Line Cleaning + Disenfection

Dr. Sarah: Hi! Welcome to our Take 5 lesson on water line cleaning and disinfection!

Today's lesson is sponsored by Neogen®.

Bacteria and viruses in water can negatively impact livestock. Dirty, uncleaned and neglected water lines can lead to the growth of unwanted bacteria and viruses.

How do we prevent this from happening?


Dr. Sarah: I want to introduce you to our resident water expert, Jesse McCoy.

Well, hi, Jesse!

SUPERIMPOSE: Water Expert Jesse McCoy, CWS]

Jesse: Hi, Dr. Sarah! It's good to see you again!

Dr. Sarah: It's great to see you too! What are you up to today?

Jesse: We're gonna test this water see if we need to treat it.

Dr. Sarah: I'd love to learn how to do that! You mind if I come on over?

Jesse: Absolutely come on!

Dr. Sarah: Alright here we go! Let's go out to the barn.

Dr. Sarah: I think we need to start by being safe.

Jesse: That's right! We need our goggles and our gloves before we start.

Dr. Sarah: Oh, fantastic! Look at you! Mr. Prepared here! You've got some for yourself, too?

Jesse: I do.

Dr. Sarah: So on this farm where are we gonna need to test this water?

Jesse: We need to take one sample out of the well and then we're going to take a sample from the barn where the pigs are actually getting their water to drink.

So we want to take a new water bottle and empty it out. Then you want to take a sample as close to the well as possible, like a hydrant or pressure tank.

You want to fill the bottle all the way to the top and then fill the cap so there's no air space when you ship it off.

Dr. Sarah: Fantastic! Do you want me to get the one where the pigs are?

Jesse: Please and thank you.

Dr. Sarah: Oh, no problem.

Oh, guys look at this water quality! [Dr. Sarah displays handful of muddy water.]

Jesse: Yes, these water lines definitely need to be treated.

Dr. Sarah: It's important to get the samples from where the pigs are drinking. So I'm going to start with the water bottle and I'm going to pour this water out. And then I'm going to sample straight from the cup water so we get an accurate reading of what's going into the pig's mouth.

I'm going to fill up the cap. Put it over the top. Here now we have our water sample!

Jessie, I'm interested in your research tell us more about it.



SUPERIMPOSE: 2. Disinfect

SUPERIMPOSE: 3. pH reduction

Jesse: Our research showed that the three-step process of water line cleaning, disinfecting and pH reduction can provide quality water and reduce disease in livestock, like diarrhea.

SUPERIMPOSE: Quality Water

SUPERIMPOSE: Reduces disease

SUPERIMPOSE: Reduces mortality

SUPERIMPOSE: Improves feed efficiency by 13%

SUPERIMPOSE: Increases the end weight of pigs by 5.5 lbs!

It also showed that the three-step process reduced mortality, improved feed efficiency by 13%, and increased the end weight of the pigs by five and a half pounds!

Dr. Sarah: Wow! That's significant! When this three-step process is completed, science shows that pigs benefit but it takes you to make sure it properly gets completed.

Let's go through how this can be implemented.

First, gather the items you'll need.

You'll need: Peraside™, Neoklor™, AquaPrime® (all by Neogen), gloves, safety goggles or a full face shield, a venturi pump or sump pump, and pH test strips. And now, you're all ready to go.

Step 1: Clean and disinfect the water lines between turns.

So, Jesse, how do we do that?

Jesse: Today we're going to use Peraside. Peraside is a peracidic acid cleaner and disinfectant. It descales the iron, manganese, calcium, and magnesium, so they don't clog in the pig drinkers and it also kills the biology inside the line.

Dr. Sarah: Fantastic! I'd love to learn how to do this do you mind if I come on over again?

Jesse: Absolutely! Come on!

Dr. Sarah: All right! Let's head back to the barn.


Dr. Sarah: So, what next?

Jesse: We have to install the proper yellow metering tip into our venturi pump.

Dr. Sarah: All right.

Jesse: We take our tip and our pump. Unscrew the pump, install the tip and then screw the pump back together.

Now we need to hook the venturi pump up to the water line. We disconnect our medicator and connect our venturi up. Then we ensure that our suction tube is in the Peraside jug.

An alternative way to fill the lines is with a sump pump in a solution of 48.5 gallons of water in a gallon and a half of Peraside.

Dr. Sarah: Fantastic! Let's fill those lines! Do you need me to prime the lines at the nipple waterer?

Jesse: Yes, please.

Dr. Sarah: Yeah, no problem.

SUPERIMPOSE: Do NOT prime the water line with Peraside with pigs in the barn!

Dr. Sarah: All right. Jesse sent us down here to prime the water line.

Jesse: It will take 20 minutes if you use in the venturi pump and 10 minutes for the sump pump.

Dr. Sarah: I'm gonna be careful not to get any of this on me.  We're gonna run it until the bubbles appear.

Jesse: Allow the 3% Peraside solution to remain in the water lines for 12 to 24 hours. Thoroughly flush the water lines until water is visibly clear or preferably until a test strip indicates the solution has been removed.

Dr. Sarah: Step 2: Now that we've cleaned, descaled and disinfected the water lines, it's time to disinfect the water.

We're gonna do this using: Neoklor, AquaPrime. This kills bacteria like E. coli and viruses like PRRS. Talk to me about how we're gonna do this, Jesse.

Jesse: We're gonna use chlorine dioxide, which is Neoklor, and we're gonna activate it with our AquaPrime activator. Chlorine dioxide is 2.75 times more powerful than other disinfectants like bleach...

Dr. Sarah: Oh, wow!

Jesse: ...while still being stable enough to get all the way through the pigs in the barn.

Dr. Sarah: So Jesse, we're wearing gloves and safety goggles as we do this process, is it safe for the pigs?

Jesse: Absolutely! In fact not only is it EPA registered as a disinfectant but because of its NSF registration once it gets in the water it's considered water.

Dr. Sarah: Oh, fantastic! What ratio are you gonna put this in at?

Jesse: We're gonna put Neoklor into the water at three to five parts per million and we're gonna use two to one on our Neoklor to AquaPrime activator ratios using our metering pumps.

They run into our activation chambers to generate the chlorine dioxide in the chamber and then let it go into the water lines.

Dr. Sarah: So all I need to do is drop my receivers into the bottle.

Jesse: Exactly!

Dr. Sarah: All right. What other steps do we have?

Jesse: Well next we need to go check and make sure we've got the right levels in the water lines.

Dr. Sarah: May I help?

Jesse: Absolutely!

Dr. Sarah: Fantastic!

Jesse: So we're gonna check the pH and try to get it below 7 for this producer.

Dr. Sarah: Because taste buds of pigs are really sensitive, aren't they?

Jesse: They are! Pigs have been shown that they like the lower pHs because it tastes sweeter to them and so they'll consume more at a low pH.

Dr. Sarah: Right. More water. More feed. Better for everyone, right? So if we have a basic number here we're gonna be worried aren't we?

Jesse: We are and it is. So we're gonna drop the pH by increasing our sump pump.

Dr. Sarah: All right. We've done good work. We'll see you later, Jesse.

Proper water treatment is an essential part of raising healthy livestock.

By using a combination of products to clean, descale and disinfect your water lines, you ensure the eradication of dangerous bacteria and build up.

Thanks for joining us for today's Take 5 lesson. We'll see you next time.


TITLE: AgriCreate Solutions, Inc.

TITLE: Pork Avenue Training Portal Take 5

TITLE: Pork Avenue Training Portal


Category: Tech Tips, Beef, Dairy, Equine, Poultry, Sheep & Goat, Swine, Water Treatment