Marked by muscle tremors, uncoordinated movements and a staggering walk, ergot poisoning in cattle and other ruminants is now a cause for concern among farmers in the southern U.S. after weather conditions have created a growing environment known to produce ergot fungus (Claviceps paspali).
In a recent article from Cattle Network, ergot fungus is currently being seen in Arkansas’s dallisgrass, a perennial grass that is cultivated for pasture in many places. The growing fungus replaces the seed and poisons cattle that graze on the grass when it is at full seedhead. This ergot fungus can also be found in several other plant species including wheat, barley, oats, brome grass, and wheatgrass. [ More ... ]
Recent reports of soybean disease throughout the Midwest are likely to cause economic losses for some farmers this year, according to plant pathologist Carl Bradley of the University of Illinois.
In a recent article, Bradley specifically described the signs of two different diseases, sudden death syndrome (SDS) and Sclerotinia stem rot (white mold), both of which are caused by weather related conditions and are appearing not only in Illinois but also throughout states including Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, South Dakota, and others.
The symptoms of SDS currently being observed include interveinal chlorosis and necrosis of the leaves, which is described as the veins remaining green, while the tissues between the veins turn yellow and then brown. Similar to another disease, brown stem rot, SDS does not affect soybean stems as you would see with brown stem rot. [ More ... ]
Commonly used to treat high blood pressure and chest pains causing heart attack, propranolol was discovered in 1962 and was the first successful type of drug developed known as a beta blocker. Beta blockers work by relaxing blood vessels and slowing the heart rate to improve blood flow in a person’s body.
Due to these effects, propranolol is also used today to treat patients with anxiety and panic disorders as well as other conditions such as migraines, irregular heartbeat and glaucoma. Propranolol has also been used in animals to control their heart rate and improve heart performance in certain types of disease.
While there are several uses for propranolol, overdose from the drug is a common fear of health professionals. In a study published in the Journal of Clinical Toxicology, propranolol killed two of the 58 patients involved in the study who were given high amounts of the drug, and caused cardiac arrest, seizures and coma in others. Conclusions from this study state propranolol should not be used in patients who are a risk of self-poisoning, nor should it be used by those who have lung problems or a slow heart rate.
Recently however, the drug has made headlines both in the U.S. and abroad for its ability to treat other serious conditions like post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and is even credited with saving the life of an infant in the United Kingdom (UK). [ More ... ]
Start your work week off right with the latest news and information in the food safety, animal science and agricultural news industries. Check back every Monday for more resources complied here that will help keep you up to date!
White House Calls for Action Plan to Address Antibiotic Resistance – Food Safety News
The White House announced its plan to make the issue of antibiotic resistance a national priority and released the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) report on antibiotic resistance.
Child who suffers from rare, serious nosebleeds cured with pork – The Week
Researchers from Detroit Medical Center were honored Thursday after discovering that stuffing pork in the nose can cure serious nosebleeds. [ More ... ]
Neogen Corporation (Nasdaq: NEOG) announced today that net income for the first quarter of its 2015 fiscal year, which ended Aug. 31, was $8,883,000 — a 13% increase compared to net income of $7,839,000 in the first quarter of last year. Adjusted for a 3-for-2 stock split effective Oct. 30, 2013, earnings per share in the current quarter were $0.24, compared to $0.21 a year ago.
First quarter revenues increased 15% to $67,599,000, from the previous year’s first quarter revenues of $58,548,000. The first quarter revenues and net income represent quarterly records for the 32-year-old company. [ More ... ]
Based on this year’s weather conditions throughout parts of the U.S. and Canada, the threat of deoxynivalenol (commonly referred to as vomitoxin or DON) in wheat crop is a real issue farmers are currently facing. But when it comes to knowing how much DON-contaminated wheat grain or wheat straw farmers can actually feed animals without incurring negative production and health effects, the questions of how much is too much comes top of mind.
An article recently published by Agri-View, discusses this conundrum and suggests that before feeding any potentially contaminated wheat grain or wheat straw, farmers should sample the product to determine its contamination level. Once you know the contamination level, you can then determine how much you can feed before you reach the upper DON limit. [ More ... ]